Waste management refers to the practices used to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal. Scraps can be in different states, which makes the methods of disposal different each time. Many companies in India take care of waste management. Eco-wise, Synergy Waste Management, A2Z Group, Antony Waste Handling Cell, to name a few. They provide such top-notch waste management to several establishments that range from industrial to residential to commercial. Proper waste management is chief for creating sustainable and livable cities. Of course, it is no walk in the park for developing countries and cities. It is also worth quite a penny to engage in waste management.


Plastic waste poses a problem when it comes to the management portion. The material cannot be easily broken down, and it hurts the environment. India, as a whole, generates around 26,000 tonnes of plastic every day. It is hard to completely stop plastic production when used for a variety of things in everyday items. Therefore, there is a constant cycle of plastic being generated every day.

Segregation and meticulous waste management tactics are essential to improve material recovery and recycling rates. However, to get effective results, political sway and technical and financial support are required. The states can work with urban local bodies to acquire financial support and establish user-fee models, ultimately making waste management financially sustainable. In India, most countries that deal with plastic waste generation are Catch Foundation, Jovika Enterprise, Global PlastChem, Kyra India, etc.



Solid waste has various categories that need to be broken down. Residential waste such as food waste, paper, plastic, glass, tires, batteries, etc., come under solid waste. Industrial waste is one of the most significant contributors to solid waste as it includes the waste generated from construction and manufacturing in power and chemical plants. It includes medical wastes and other hazardous wastes. Hotels, markets, restaurants, and stores generate commercial waste. It is called so because the waste is generated in commercial facilities and buildings.

The institutional centers like schools, colleges, prisons, military barracks, and other government centers also produce solid waste. Waste produced at construction sites includes steel materials, wood, concrete, plastic, etc. that also contribute to the solid waste problem. Power plants, mineral extraction plants, chemical plants, and refineries also produce plastics and unwanted metal parts, contributing to the solid waste problem. Farms, orchards, vineyards, etc., also produce waste known as Agricultural waste.

Biomedical equipment used in hospitals, such as syringes, cotton swabs, bandages, gloves, etc., also contributes to the problem. Due to the increase in solid waste, the environment hurts the health of the citizens occupying that space. It becomes a breeding ground for disease-causing pests, which also brings down those in the area. Toxic materials and hazardous wastes can cause biological and physiological problems for people. Continuous emission caused by solid waste is slowly deteriorating the planet.


Electronic or e-waste is when parts belonging to electronic or electrical equipment stop working and cannot be used. Computers, laptops, phones, refrigerators, washing machines, etc., all can be classified as examples of e-waste. It poses such a threat to the environment and people because of the highly toxic substances used, such as mercury, lead, and beryllium, even in minor quantities. Furthermore, the sudden boom of technological advancement has given rise to unhealthy competition, resulting in constant technology updates that produce all the e-waste.

Since people want the most recent, shiniest, and better model, they will often swap for brand new things, leading to a massive increase in e-waste. India was ranked fifth globally for the generation of e-waste as it generates more than two million tonnes of e-waste annually. Seelampur in Delhi is the largest e-waste dismantling center in India. Most of the e-waste is sent there, where people dismantle the waste and search for reusable parts.


India’s growing population means that there is an increase in the waste generated. It requires it to be properly managed. The recycling waste market is massive because only 30% of the 75% of recyclable waste is recycled. Lack of concern over the proper collection, segregation, and disposal are the main reasons for India’s poor waste management techniques.

Many places in India still do not have a systematic way of collecting waste from households yet. However, some companies like Arora Fibres have found ways to recycle plastic bottles into polyester, which is later used for packing. Eco-wise is considered a national presence in India due to their waste management techniques by MSW rules 2000. Samurai(e)arth Environmental Solutions Pvt. Ltd. has also found a way to recycle dry waste and turn it into cooking gas and fertilizer.

Vermigold Ecotech has started using a vermicomposting process where-in earthworms convert organic materials into humus-like materials. It is a faster and more efficient way of composting. As a result, they are high in nutrients compost can be used for gardening. Many startups are doing their part for society and ensuring that waste can be quickly dealt with to provide a better future—companies such as Namo e-waste, Citizengage, Paperman, ExtraCarbon, etc.


Therefore, there is a lot of waste generated in the world, especially in India. The waste that has been developed must be disposed of in the correct, most efficient manner. To build a more sustainable and liveable situation on the planet, we need to be mindful of our consumption to be mindful of the waste we generate.

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